The Flying Scotsman is probably the most famous train in Great Britain.
It was the first train verified at over 100 MPH in 1934, although there is a distinct possibility that the Pennsylvania Rail Road E6s 4-4-2 No. 460 achieved 100 mph in 1927.
The debate will always rage between the US and UK as to which engine went faster earlier. In the case of the Flying Scotsman, the speed was officially authenticated.
The Flying Scotsman set another record while spending some time in Australia in the 1980s. It achieved the longest non stop run by a steam engine of 422 miles.
Out of service since 2006, the loco has been under restoration at the National Railway Museum at York since that time.
The article below provides some details of what is happening in the next few months.
Published: 07:50 EST, 19 July 2015 | Updated: 11:28 EST, 19 July 2015
Iconic locomotive the Flying Scotsman is nearing a return to the train tracks.
After more than a decade out of action, the finishing touches are being put on the restoration project that could see the steam train return to service in a matter of months.
The locomotive was bought by National Railway Museum in 2004 for £2.3 million with costs of the restoration currently at £4.2m. The successful bid included £415,000 raised by the public and £365,000 donated by Sir Richard Branson, plus a £1.8m grant from the National Heritage Memorial Fund.
Co-director Colin Green (centre) takes part in restoration work on the Flying Scotsman steam train in Bury, Greater Manchester
The iconic locomotive has been out of action since 2005 when a period of restoration work started on the train
The Flying Scotsman is scheduled to make a return to the mainline train tracks this year after a decade out of action
Since that time, it has been going through a thorough restoration.
Bob Gwynne, curator of collections and research at the National Railway Museum, said Flying Scotsman’s inaugural main line run from London to York is scheduled to be the opening event for the museum’s February Flying Scotsman Season.
He said: ‘The fitting of the equipment for the mainline really makes its return a reality.
‘We still anticipate that the restoration work to return Flying Scotsman to steam will be completed in late 2015. This will be followed by a full programme of running in tests on heritage lines.
‘Once it has built up sufficient mileage on the mainline – 1,000 miles under its belt – and it’s resplendent in its new BR green livery it will be ready for its long-anticipated inaugural run between London and York – a triumphant return home at long last.’
The work on the Flying Scotsman is being carried out undertaken by Riley & Son Ltd in Bury, Greater Manchester who were appointed to complete the work in Autumn 2013 as an outcome of their successful tender bid to take on the high-profile work to bring a national steam icon back to the mainline.
‘We have come through all the critical milestones for a locomotive restoration and although there is a lot of work still to get through and parts to fit, there is nothing significant standing in the way of Scotsman coming back to steam,’ said Riley’s co-director Colin Green.
Engineering specialists First Class Partnerships are continuing to provide specialist engineering and project management advice to the museum with regards to this complex project.
Paul Kirkman, director of the National Railway Museum, said: ‘We are still progressing towards completing the restoration this year and we are planning a whole season of events and activities from February 2016 celebrating this star locomotive in our collection.’
The extensive restoration work has been carried out by a team of professionals, with meticulous planning throughout
The locomotive was bought by National Railway Museum in 2004 for £2.3 million with costs of the restoration currently at £4.2m
The locomotive will retain the double chimney and smoke deflectors it carried when the museum acquired it in 2004
The final works being undertaken at Bury include front end dimensioning, trialling and the final fit of components and reconstruction including the attachment of the new front buffer beam plate.
There will also be full ‘running-in’ testing once the locomotive is complete.
Wheel notation: 4-6-2 (Pacific)
Length: 70 feet
Locomotive weight: 96.25 tons (97.54 tonnes)
Top speed (official): 100mph
Tender capacity: 8 tons of coal, 5000 gallons water (LNER corridor tender)
Mileage: approx. 2,500,000 miles
Once the return to mainline operation is complete, a commercial partnership agreement has been reached, under which Riley & Son Ltd will manage the operation of the locomotive for a period of two years.
This will include a programme of ongoing maintenance and helping to resolve any issues that may arise.
Andrew McLean, head curator at the National Railway Museum said: ‘The loco has been changed so often over the past 90 years that it is now practically impossible to present it in a wholly historically accurate appearance.
‘As well as the currently most well-known guises of the apple green 4472 and the BR green 60103, Flying Scotsman has also been numbered 1472, 103, and 502.
‘The loco will retain the double chimney and smoke deflectors it carried when the Museum acquired it in 2004. This being the case we have decided to present it in its final BR working appearance as far as is reasonably practicable.’
Built in Doncaster in 1923, the locomotive was named the ‘Flying Scotsman’ after the London to Edinburgh rail service which had been running since 1862, and was the first train to complete the 392-mile route non-stop on May 1, 1928, as well as being the first to break the 100mph barrier in 1934.
Since then it has had various owners including record producer Pete Waterman, and has toured the United States and Australia where it set its second world record, for the longest non-stop run by a steam locomotive.
In 1948, with the nationalisation of the railways, it was renumbered again and painted Brunswick Green. The museum has decided to stick with the British Railways Green 60103 livery for the restoration.
The Flying Scotsman made a special charter journey in 2005 before being moved to the National Railway Museum in York for complete restoration.
It is hopes the iconic steam train will return to scenes such as this, pictured in 1999 at Kings Cross Rail Station in London
Curator of Collections and Research at the National Railway Museum Bob Gwynne checks on restoration work on the Flying Scotsman
The Flying Scotsman was bought by National Railway Museum in 2004 for £2.3 million with restoration work beginning the following year
Built in Doncaster in 1923, the locomotive was named the ‘Flying Scotsman’ after the London to Edinburgh rail service which had been running since 1862
Video of the “Flying Scotsman” on a non stop run in 1968.